Table of contents

Action plan against Radicalisation and Violent Extremism

Active Change Foundation

Building Resilience Against Violent Extremism (BRAVE)

Centre for the Prevention of Radicalisation Leading to Violence

Channel

Counter Extremism Project

Divided Past. Joint Future

Educate Against Hate

Fempower

Generation global

International Bullying Prevention Association

International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation (ICSR)

Powering new generations against extremism

Living Safe Together. Building Community Resilience to Violent Extremism

“Mothers MOVE!” Mothers Opposing Violent Extremism

Never Again

Preventing violent extremism

The German Association of Martial Arts Schools against Violent Extremism

Violence Prevention Network

Youth Counselling Against Radicalisation in Europe

Youth Empowerment and Innovation Project (YEIP)

Youth Work against Violent Radicalisation

Action plan against Radicalisation and Violent Extremism

Name of organisation: Norwegian Ministry of Justice and Public Security

Country: Norway

Target group: General population

Aim : To reach persons who are at risk as early as possible and encounter them with measures that work.

Actions taken within the project

  • Knowledge increase and expertise;
  • Cooperation and coordination among different sectors;
  • Prevent the growth of extremist groups and help promote reintegration;
  • Prevent radicalisation and recruitment through the Internet;
  • International cooperation.

Summary

With this plan, the Norwegian government wants to improve the efforts to combat radicalisation and violent extremism. Terrorism is the most extreme consequence of radicalisation and violent extremism. Thus, preventative efforts are a key element for ensuring fundamental values such as democracy, human rights and security. Being able to live our lives without fear of being exposed to hate and violence is a fundamental value of a secure society.

Website: https://www.regjeringen.no/en/dokumenter/Action-plan-against-Radicalisation-and-Violent-Extremism/id762413/

Active Change Foundation

Name of organisation: Active Change Foundation

Country: United Kingdom

Target group: youth

Aim : To protect young people and communities from extremism and violence in all its forms.

Actions taken within the project

  • Youth centre, where young people can get support in education, behaviour problems;
  • Support and guidance for young people on finding employment;
  • Mentoring young people;
  • Undertaking various projects for young people (eg. The Young Leaders Programme)
  • Providing sport activities.

Summary

The vision of Active Change Fondation is a world free of terrorism and violence that values young people and communities enabling them to live in a safe and peaceful society. This organization protects young people and communities from extremism and violence in all its forms by raising public awareness, challenging conflict through dialogue and developing resilience through training and direct support services.

Website: https://www.activechangefoundation.org/

Building Resilience Against Violent Extremism (BRAVE)

Name of organisation: Centre for Sustainable Conflict Resolution (CSCR)

Country: Kenya

Target groups

  • Returnees;
  • Children, youth and adults in areas considered as hot spots;
  • General population of Kenya.

Aim:

  • To prevent and counter violent extremism in Kenya;
  • To reduce the percentage preponderance of individuals accepting, sympathizing with or supporting violent extremism;
  • To delegitimize the violent extremist and terrorist groups narratives;
  • To reduce the efficacy of their intimidation tactics and contribute to the general reduction of recruitment of the vulnerable Kenyan youth.

Actions taken within the project

Widening knowledge about radicalisation issues through the broadcast on the mainstream media and the social media. This includes mobilization through social media and various online platforms.

Summary

The BRAVE program is anticipated to trigger, initiate, and sustain a momentum for actions on counter-violent extremism, counter-radicalization, and de-radicalization. Momentum built is expected to continuously undermine information asymmetries that favour violent extremist groups gained and used by the violent extremist and militant groups.

The deeper the awareness and vigilance created among the populace by the BRAVE program is expected to create more resilient and braver communities. These communities are expected to, in turn, not shy away from confronting violent extremist’s attitudes, beliefs, and actions including those that come from their own.

Website: http://braveprogram.org/

Centre for the Prevention of Radicalisation Leading to Violence

Name of organisation: Centre de prévention de la radicalisation menant à la violence (CPRMV)

Country: Canada

Target groups: school personnel, social workers, counsellors, parents, employees, children, professionals, other organisations.

Aim: To prevent acts of violent radicalization, and to provide support to organizations, individuals affected by this issue, and their families.

Actions taken within the project

  • Website;
  • Information kits for adults and children;
  • Helpline;
  • Counselling;
  • Presentations and conferences;
  • Training programs for front-line workers and administrators;
  • Public awareness workshops for young people and parents;
  • Research;

Summary

The mission of CPRLV is to develop innovative expertise in the prevention of radicalization leading to violence as well as of hate crimes and incidents, throughout the province of Quebec. It is mandated with documenting the nature of such phenomena, developing a range of prevention strategies, setting out guidelines for prevention and intervention in these areas, and providing tools and support to family members, teachers, professionals and members of the community regarding these issues.

The CPRLV draws on the expertise of its employees, as well as that of its community and institutional partners to:

  • Implement concrete prevention strategies in order to take pre-emptive action to combat radicalization leading to violence and counteract hate speech and hate behaviours.
  • Provide support and psychosocial counselling for individuals who are radicalized or becoming radicalized as well as to family and friends, teachers, field workers and concerned citizens on the one hand, and to victims of hate speech or hate behaviours on the other.
  • Promote the social reintegration of radicalized individuals in order to help break their ties with radical groups, protect them, and help them thrive in a healthy social environment.
  • Conduct studies and research to develop a better understanding of violent radicalization in order to maximize the usefulness and impact of field interventions.
  • Promote the dissemination and application of knowledge acquired in the CPRLV’s areas of intervention.

Website: https://info-radical.org/en/

Channel

Name of organisation: HM Government

Country: United Kingdom

Target group: anyone who is vulnerable to being drawn into any form of terrorism.

Aim: To provide support at an early stage to people who are identified as being vulnerable to being drawn into terrorism.

Actions taken within the project

The programme uses a multi-agency approach to protect vulnerable people by:

  • Identifying individuals at risk;
  • Assessing the nature and extent of that risk;
  • Developing the most appropriate support plan for the individuals concerned.

Summary

Channel is a confidential, voluntary multi-agency safeguarding programme that supports people who are vulnerable to radicalisation. It addresses all types of extremism including the extreme-right and Islamist-related. It is about early intervention to protect vulnerable children and adults who might be susceptible to being radicalised, which, if left unsupported, could lead to involvement in terrorist-related activity.

Support could include assistance with education or employment, health support, and ideological mentoring to provide vulnerable individuals with the skills to protect themselves from being drawn into committing terrorist-related activity or supporting terrorism.

Website: https://www.gov.uk/government/case-studies/the-channel-programme

Counter Extremism Project

Name of organisation: Country Extremism Project

Country: International

Target groups:

  • General population, including youth, policymakers;
  • Extremists groups.

Aim:

  • Exposing, degrading, and stop the financing and other economic support of global extremist organizations;
  • Building a best-in-class clearinghouse and database of extremist groups and their supporters, mapping the social and financial networks, tools and methodologies on which these groups rely;
  • Assembling a global network of experts to promote our collective security, and the universal values and interests that are threatened by extremist ideology, recruitment, and practices;
  • Opposing the spread of extremist ideology by advancing compelling counter narratives, and by stemming the recruitment of support as these groups take advantage of at-risk communities, and youth to promote their ideology and power.

Actions taken within the project

  • Assembling an extensive research and analysis database on extremist groups and their networks of support, providing an indispensable resource to governments, the media, NGOs and civil society organizations, and the general public;
  • Exposing channels of financial and material support to extremist groups;
  • Using the latest communications, social media, and technological tools to identify and reveal the extremist threat and directly counter extremist ideology and recruitment online; and
  • Assisting policymakers around the world to devise legislation and regulations that effectively combat extremism.
  • Research;
  • Organising events for youth.

Summary

The Counter Extremism Project is a not-for-profit, non-partisan, international policy organization formed to combat the growing threat from extremist ideologies.

Website: https://www.counterextremism.com/

Divided Past. Joint Future

Name of organisation: Youth Communication Centre

Country: Bosnia and Herzegovina

Target group: youth

Aim:

  • To help Civil Society Organizations be recognized by governments as important societal factors;
  • To strengthen regional cooperation;
  • To increase credibility, political participation and effectiveness of Civil Society Organizations;
  • To advocate prevention of radicalization;
  • To facilitate inter-ethnic dialogue in the region of the Western Balkans and Turkey;
  • To implement cross-stakeholder’s approach which will foster societal reconstruction;
  • To find out challenges and opportunities in middle schools in Turkey.

Actions taken within the project

  • Base line study on the perception of public, civic and private sector;
  • Desk research on different sustainable reconciliation models and independent financial support mechanisms;
  • National and regional Social Innovation Labs;
  • Manual on cross-stakeholder approaches;
  • Thematic Job-shadowing activities;
  • Creation and promotion of an online resource platform;
  • Conference.

Summary

Currently the number of conflicts inside and between the countries of the Western Balkans and Turkey is increasing. These conflicts are often based on ethnics and religions. In the last 2 years Youth Communication Center, together with multiple other partner organisations have faced the fact that peace and reconciliation as a topic has become “unpopular”. Through this Civil Society has become fragmented and contested. However, Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) should be ready and resourceful and the main actor in peace and reconciliation policy.

This project brings together 18 partner organisations who all have different skills and areas of expertise. By combining these specific abilities the project has a good starting-point and can rely on a huge network.

Website: http://jointfuture.org/

Educate Against Hate

Name of organisation: Department for Education; HM Government

Country: United Kingdom

Target groups: teachers, parents, school leaders

Aim: To provide practical advice, support and resources to protect children from extremism and radicalisation.

Actions taken within the project

Running a website.

Short summary

The purpose of the website is to provide practical advice, support and resources to protect children from extremism and radicalisation. The content of the website include a wide range of information about radicalisation prevention. It is also a good source of web links to other projects.

Content of the website:

  • General information about extremism and radicalisation;
  • Promotional materials;
  • Information for teachers and school leaders on prevention duties;
  • Guidance and trainings;
  • Resources to use in the classroom;
  • Safeguard advice and support;
  • Information on online safety;

Website: https://educateagainsthate.com/

Fempower

Name of organisation: Quilliam

Country: United Kingdom

Target groups: girls and women.

Aim: To challenge extremist paradigms that see women as inferior to men and to empower women to stand up for their rights.

Actions taken within the project

Workshops and training to engage women in counter-extremism programmes.

Summary

The campaign addresses women’s grievances through community engagement, clear communication of policy, and better reporting structures for anti-Muslim hatred and gender extremism. Furthermore, it equips women, especially mothers, with tools to challenge extremist narratives.

Fempower facilitates and encourages girls and women of different faiths and political views, who otherwise would not come together to discuss their views and grievances, to thrive in an environment which encourages understanding through community discussion. These discussions and workshops focus on a host of gender-related issues and problems, of which domestic violence and extremism may be a part.

Website: https://www.quilliaminternational.com/fempower/

Generation global

Name of organisation: Tony Blair Institute for Global Change

Country: United Kingdom, international.

Target groups: youth (12- to 17-year-olds)

Aim: To provide young people with the skills and experience they need to navigate difference in a peaceful way.

Actions taken within the project

  • Teacher trainings;
  • Developing classroom resources;
  • Creating online opportunities for dialogue for students.

Summary

By providing global learning and dialogue opportunities, the programme helps young people to be resolute in the face of narratives that may feed the development of extremist ideologies.

Devised by an international group of educational experts, advisers and religious leaders, the programme provides opportunities for students to put critical thinking skills into practice through facilitated dialogue. Students learn about one another and explore the roots of openness and diversity in their own cultural and religious traditions.

Website: https://generation.global/

International Bullying Prevention Association

Name of organisation: International Bullying Prevention Association

Country: USA

Target groups: teachers, youth, parents, caregivers

Aim: To reduce bullying behaviours to the lowest possible levels.

Actions taken within the project

  • Convening research-based forums;
  • Advocating best practices;
  • Promoting positive school climate;
  • Collaborating across disciplines/sectors/fields.

Summary

The International Bullying Prevention Association was founded in 2003 when grassroots practitioners and researchers came together to convene the first conference in the US entirely focused on bullying prevention. Since then, it has grown to be the premier global membership organization dedicated to advancing bullying prevention best practices.

Website: https://ibpaworld.org/

International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation (ICSR)

Name of organisation: ICSR, Department of War Studies, King’s College London

Country: United Kingdom

Target groups: policymakers, practitioners.

Aim: To educate the public and help policymakers and practitioners find more intelligent solutions in dealing with radicalisation by bringing together knowledge and leadership.

Actions taken within the project

  • Research;
  • Presentations and conferences;
  • Workshops, seminars.

Summary

ICSR is an independent and non-partisan research centre based in the Department of War Studies at King’s College London. In addition to research, ICSR facilitates systematic, outcome-driven dialogues, bringing together the world’s leading experts with the people who can make things happen.

Website: http://icsr.info/

Powering new generations against extremism

Name of organisation: ISD

Country: United Kingdom

Target group: general population

Aim: To counter extremism and the ideologies that underpin it in ways that are practical, affordable, effective, and scalable.

Actions taken within the project

  • Research;
  • Analysis;
  • Data management;
  • Capacity building.

Summary

As an independent organisation, ISD is able to coordinate government, private, academic, and civil society sectors that are often at odds with each other. ISD helps synergize their efforts and ensure each of them plays an appropriate and effective role in fighting extremism. ISD has honed this approach with a decade of experience working from both inside and outside of government, grassroots communities, technology and media, to build a soft power strategy that is proportional in impact, professionalism and scale to the increasingly sophisticated propaganda and recruitment efforts of extremists.

The organisation provides various projects addressed to youth. ISD’s education programmes work internationally to build the resilience of young people to extremism.

ISD is operating a range of projects which develop vital skills from critical thinking to social and emotional learning.

Website: https://www.isdglobal.org/

Living Safe Together. Building Community Resilience to Violent Extremism

Name of organisation: Australian Government

Country: Australia

Target group: general population

Aim: To reduce the risk of home-grown terrorism.

Actions taken within the project

  • Early intervention programmes;
  • Empowering communities;
  • Tackling online extremism;
  • Rehabilitating prisoners;
  • Research.

Summary

The Australian Government’s Countering Violent Extremism Strategy supports Australia’s broader counter-terrorism efforts by addressing factors that make people vulnerable to extremist influences and recruitment by terrorists.

Government agencies at all levels and communities that are playing a role in five key areas:

  • Identifying violent extremist ideology at an early stage and sharing information and intelligence.
  • Understanding the motivations of recruits, methods of recruiters and containing the influence of violent extremist ideology.
  • Establishing appropriate referral mechanisms for services that support individuals to choose non-violent forms of expression and participate in society.
  • Building community resistance to violent extremism by equipping communities with the skills and resources to understand and address extremism and reduce marginalisation.
  • Developing key messages that inform and empower communities to challenge extremist ideologies and support the non-violent expression of views.
  • Encouraging the dissemination of counter-narratives, and providing appropriate communication channels for delivering them.

Website: https://www.livingsafetogether.gov.au/pages/home.aspx

“Mothers MOVE!” Mothers Opposing Violent Extremism

Name of organisation: Sisters Against Violent Extremism

Country: Austria, international

Target groups: mothers in Yemen, Indonesia, Pakistan, India, Palestine, Israel, Egypt, Nigeria, the UK and Ireland.

Aim: To provide mothers the encouragement, support and necessary tools to protect their children from the threat of violent extremism.

Actions taken within the project

Income-generation and anti-extremism workshops.

Summary

Women are strategically positioned to raise consciousness for the threat of violent extremism and to empower women to reduce the attraction of extremist ideologies. They build an ideal early warning system when their sons, daughters or husbands travel down the wrong path.

SAVE works with existing mothers' groups, and where necessary convenes new groups, who take part in an integrated income-generation and anti-extremism workshop. The sessions provide women with the opportunity to bring an economic contribution to the home and thus increase their decision-making power, while simultaneously equipping them with the rhetorical tools to promote a culture of peace.

Using manuals specially formulated by SAVE for the groups, women take part in confidence-building, presentation and speaking exercises to build their effectiveness in debate, before learning about the benefits of moderation and how to spot radical tendencies in youth.

Website: http://womenwithoutborders-save.blogspot.com.es/p/mothers-move.html

Never Again

Name of organisation: “Never Again” Association

Country: Poland

Target groups: youth, general population.

Aim: To promote multicultural understanding and to contribute to the development of a democratic civil society in Poland and in the broader region of Central and Eastern Europe.

Actions taken within the project

  • Producing publications;
  • Providing information and expertise directly to journalists and researchers interested in the problem of racism and xenophobia.

Summary

The major objectives of the ‘NEVER AGAIN’ Association include:

  • Breaking the silence and raising awareness of the problem of racism and xenophobia;
  • Building a broad and inclusive movement against racism and discrimination, for respect, inclusivity and diversity;
  • Eliminating or marginalizing racist, xenophobic and antisemitic tendencies in various spheres of life.

The wide-ranging activity of ‘NEVER AGAIN’ has achieved broad national and international recognition.‘NEVER AGAIN’ is an independent organization, not linked to any political party.

Website: http://www.nigdywiecej.org/en/

Preventing violent extremism

Name of organisation: UNESCO

Country: International

Target group: youth

Aim: Radicalisation prevention.

Actions taken within the project

  • Assisting countries to deliver education programmes that build young people’s resilience to violent extremist messaging and foster a positive sense of identity and belonging;
  • Creating an enabling environment for the empowerment and democratic participation of youth;
  • Mobilizing stakeholders - particularly youth, policy-makers, researchers and media actors- to take effective actions, both online and offline, to prevent and respond to violent extremism and radicalization on the Internet;
  • Engaging youth in the protection of all forms of heritage and the promotion of cultural diversity to foster more fair, inclusive and peaceful societies.

Summary

It is not enough to counter violent extremism --- we need to prevent it, and this calls for forms of ‘soft power’, to prevent a threat driven by distorted interpretations of culture, hatred, and ignorance. No one is born a violent extremist – they are made and fueled. Disarming the process of radicalization must begin with human rights and the rule of law, with dialogue across all boundary lines, by empowering all young women and men, and by starting as early as possible, on the benches of schools.

UNESCO Member States adopted the landmark decision to enhance UNESCO’s capacity to provide assistance to States as they craft sharper strategies to prevent violent extremism. UNESCO has also committed to the UN Secretary-General’s Plan of Action to Prevent Violent Extremism, with a focus on priorities of direct relevance to UNESCO’s work:

  • Education, skills development and employment facilitation;
  • Empowerment of youth;
  • Strategic communications, the Internet and social media;
  • Gender equality and empowering women.

Website: https://en.unesco.org/preventing-violent-extremism

The German Association of Martial Arts Schools against Violent Extremism

Name of organisation: German Institute on Radicalization and De-radicalization Studies

Country: Germany

Target groups: youth, parents; teachers; martial arts experts and coaches.

Aim

  • To train mentors to spot violent radicalization processes as early as possible and to be able to react adequately;
  • To become a network for martial arts schools that see the human being in the centre of the sport and the practice of tolerance practiced in every training.

Actions taken within the project

  • Training courses;
  • Workshops.

Summary

The German Association of Martial Arts Schools against Violent Extremism (Deutscher Verband der Kampfsportschulen gegen Extremismus DVKE) is a unique and first of its kind initiative of the German Institute on Radicalization and De-Radicalization Studies (GIRDS) in Stuttgart and the Sports School Choi in Berlin, Germany. DVKE is worldwide the first network of committed martial arts schools in (currently) German speaking countries working against violent radicalization and extremism of every sort, which introduces counter-radicalization into the daily training school routine.

DVKE members want to be role models for a non-discriminatory society based on mutual respect and equal rights, in which martial arts is carried by a philosophy of de-escalation and prevention of violence. Self-defence has the goal to protect human beings and to provide self-esteem but it also aims to develop the ability to avoid conflict and end a dangerous situation as quickly as possible.

Website: http://girds.org/projects

Violence Prevention Network

Name of organisation: Violence Prevention Network e. V.

Country: Germany

Target groups: youth, parents, teachers, prisoners.

Aim: To help ideologically vulnerable people and violent offenders motivated by extremism change their behaviour through deradicalisation efforts, lead independent lives and become part of the democratic community, in order to prevent extremism of any kind.

Actions taken within the project

  • Counselling;
  • Workshops and trainings for young people, parents and teachers;
  • Education;
  • Work with those engaged by radicalisation;
  • Scientific monitoring and publications;
  • Education and anti-violence training in prison for offenders motivated by extremism;
  • Work with radicalised parties.

Summary

Violence Prevention Network is a group of experienced specialists who have been successfully engaged in anti-violence work and the prevention of extremism, as well as in the de-radicalisation of extremist-motivated criminals, for a number of years. Since 2001, the Violence Prevention Network team has been working successfully in reducing ideologically motivated and religious-motivated, serious crime and extreme acts of violence committed by youths. By way of its work with right-wing extremist youths and those endangered by Islamist fundamentalism, over the years, the Violence Prevention Network team has acquired expertise in the field of working with ideologically motivated criminal offenders that is recognised throughout the country. In the method of Verantwortungspädagogik® (Education of Responsibility), Violence Prevention Network has identified a way to address people who have affiliated themselves with anti-democratic structures without humiliating them, thus facilitating their reversion to the democratic community.

Website: http://www.violence-prevention-network.de/en/

Youth Counselling Against Radicalisation in Europe

Name of organisations:

  • Verwey-Jonker Instituut (Netherlands)
  • Kultur und Arbeit e.V. (Germany)
  • QUALED -občianskezdruženiepre kvalifikáciua vzdelávanie (Slovak Republic)
  • Aldaima Asociación andaluza de apoyo a la infancia (Spain)
  • E-C-C Vereinfürinterdisziplinäre Bildungund Beratung (Austria)
  • GUnet Ακαδημαϊκό Διαδίκτυο (Greece)
  • Integra inštitut. Inštitutzarazvojčloveškihvirov (Slovenia)
  • Meath Partnership (Ireland)

Country: Internatonal

Target group: youth counsellors

Aim: To support youth counsellors in preventing and combatting radicalization.

Actions taken within the project

  • Collecting guidelines and best practices;
  • Collecting feedback among the youth counsellors who use the tools;
  • Creating and improving knowledge and best practices.

Summary

YCARe is a unique international project aimed at supporting youth counsellors in preventing and combatting radicalization.

In recent years several national and international projects have been set up to exchange and disseminate knowledge and best practices. YCARe's added value stems from the feedback that is collected among the youth counsellors who use the tools.

Website: https://www.ycare.eu/

Youth Empowerment and Innovation Project (YEIP)

Name of organisation: The IARS International Institute

Country: United Kingdom

Target groups: students, prisoners, general population

Aim: To design a youth-led, positive policy prevention framework for tackling and preventing the marginalisation and violent radicalisation among young people in Europe.

Actions taken within the project

Construction and field validation of tools (YEIP PREVENT model/ interventions, toolkit, training) in 4 environments (schools, universities, prisons, online) in the 7 participating EU member states (UK, Greece, Cyprus, Italy, Portugal, Sweden, Romania).

Summary

Led by young people and coordinated by Dr. Theo Gavrielides (Founder and Director of The IARS International Institute), YEIP is delivered in partnership with 18 partners from seven EU countries to construct and test innovative, policy intervention models founded on the principles of restorative justice, positive psychology and the Good Lives Model.

The success of this youth-led project will demonstrate to European citizens the leadership and determination of EC institutions in rooting out the reasons that lead to young peoples’ marginalisation and radicalisation, firming up in this way trust and confidence.

Website: http://yeip.org/

Youth Work against Violent Radicalisation

Name of organisation: SALTO-YOUTH

Country: France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, the United Kingdom; International

Target group: youth workers and youth leaders.

Aim

  • To strengthen young peoples’ resilience to violent radicalisation, and reinforce the openness and inclusiveness of communities in which they live;
  • To research and showcase positive ways and initiatives in which youth violent radicalisation can be addressed and prevented;
  • To examine how we can strengthen the role of different actors, in an attempt to compile a long-term strategy about youth work against violent radicalisation.

Actions taken within the project

  • Mapping of NGOs actives on the topic and finding out more about what they do, what are their needs and which challenges they are facing;
  • Sharing good practices among youth workers and their experiences with existing tools (focus on transferability);
  • Highlighting the role of the Erasmus+: Youth in Action programme as a supportive tool;
  • Raising awareness about the relevant policy frameworks (EU policy and International policy framework);
  • Highlighting the added value of involving the four neighbouring partner regions of the Erasmus+ Programme as a part of the overall strategy.

Summary

Young people are impacted by constant changes in global social and economic realities, and many of them face poverty, exclusion, inequality and marginalisation. Their personal circumstances and wider political, social and economic environment in which they live may make them vulnerable to various radical influences and also violent radicalisation. Realities of this emerging trend make it necessary to emphasise the need to work with young people in Europe and its neighbouring regions, in order to strengthen their resilience to violent radicalisation, and reinforce the openness and inclusiveness of communities in which they live.

Website: https://www.ycare.eu/

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